Eryngium creticum Lam., 1798
Common names: Field Eryngo [En], Kretische Mannstreu [De], Calcatreppola di Creta [It], Μοσχάγκαθο, Ερύγγιο το Κρητικό, Γαλαζούλα [Gr], Göz dikeni, Kazayaklı Diken [Tu]
Güzelçamlı, AYDIN ● Turkey
Description: Perennial plant growing to 60 cm.
Habitat: Fields and rocky places, usually in dry soils.
Distribution: S.E. Europe – Balkans, Aegean, North Syria, Western Iraq, Cyprus, Northern Egypt.
Uses: Aqueous and ethanol extracts of the fresh and dried leaves and roots of Eryngium creticum were tested for their inhibition against snake and scorpion venoms. The fresh leaf extract gave a higher percentage inhibition of the haemolytic activity of the scorpion venom Leiurus quinquesteiartus compared with the dried leaf extract. Extracts of both fresh and dried roots gave 100% inhibition of the snake and scorpion venoms. However, ethanol extracts of the leaves and roots enhanced RBC haemolysis rather than inhibiting venom activities on red blood cells.
Plants For A Future
Alkofahi A., Sallal A. J., Disi A. M., 1998.
Effect of Eryngium creticum on the haemolytic activities of snake and scorpion venoms, Phytotherapy Research, Volume 11, Issue 7, pages 540–542.