Ophrys polyxo J. Mast de Maeght, M.-A. Garnier, J. Devillers-Terschuren & P. Devillers, 2005
Group: O. heldrechii
Laerma, RHODES ● Greece
Description: This plant has medium-sized flowers with the greatest breadth of the lip in its distal part. This species has large sepals, the likewise large petals. The lateral pilosity of the lip is variable. The lip is medium-sized (about 1 c), characteristically widens towards its top and amphoroid in form.
This new described species was erroneously designated as O. bremifera or O. scolopax in the past. These names are inaccurate for a plant growing on Rhodos, O. oestrifera designating a taxon living in Crimea and O. bremifera a hybrid between O. apifera and a scolopaxoid Caucasian species.
Due to much variation in the lip pilosity, O. polyxo most probably belongs to the O. heldreichii group.
Biology: Flowering from late March to mid-April.
Distribution: Endemic species of Rhodes, Greece.
Ophrys News 4, in Ophrys-genus.be
Mast de Maeght J., Garnier M.-A., Devillers-Terschuren J. & Devillers P., 2005. Ophrys polyxo, a scolopaxoid Ophrys from Rhodes. Natural. belges 86 (Orchid. 18): 147-155.
Antonopoulos Z., 2009. The bee Orchids of Greece. The genus Ophrys. Mediterraneao Editions. [link to the Editor]