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Paronychia kurdica subsp. kurdica var. kurdica (Boiss.) McNeill

Paronychia kurdika-web2.jpg <i><b>Achillea teretifolia</b></i> Willd.||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/2011/02/02/20110202234128-f1d3b434-th.jpg>Thumbnails<i><b>Achillea teretifolia</b></i> Willd.||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/2011/02/02/20110202234128-f1d3b434-th.jpg>Thumbnails<i><b>Achillea teretifolia</b></i> Willd.||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/2011/02/02/20110202234128-f1d3b434-th.jpg>Thumbnails<i><b>Achillea teretifolia</b></i> Willd.||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/2011/02/02/20110202234128-f1d3b434-th.jpg>Thumbnails

Paronychia kurdica subsp. kurdica var. kurdica (Boiss.) McNeill
Common names: Witlow-wort [En], Dolama out [Tu]

Endemic species

Çığlıkara Nature Reserve, Elmalı, ANTALYA ● Turkey

The genus Paronychia Miller is distributed in warm and dry regions of the world. In Turkey, the plant is found in Irano-Turanien and East-Mediterranian phytogeographic regions and is represented by 28 species, 20 of which are endemic to Turkey & East Aegean Islands.
Paronychia kurdica is a procumbent herb, often compact and woody at base. Leaves 4-7 x 1-2 mm, narrowly oblong to oblanceolate, ± obtuse, thickish, pubescent. Stipules 4 per node, mostly shorter than the leaves. Glomerules 10-15 mm diam., profuse and congested. Bracts obliquely ovate, acuminate, almost 2 x longer than the flowers. Flowers 3-3.5 mm, pubescent. Sepals unequal, 3 long, 2 (inner) short, narrowly oblong-lanceolate, obtuse to acute, the outer recurved at tips.
It is a very variable species in which 3 subspecies are recognisable in Turkey :
- subsp. monfis-munzur
- subsp. haussknechtii
- subsp. kurdica: Leaves often not quite imbricate; glomerules 10-15 mm; bracts usually concealing flowers; flowers 3-3.5 mm; sepals markedly unequal.
Two varieties:
- Shoots not brittle; glomerules quite large, 10-15 mm diam = var. kurdica
- Shoots very brittle; glomerules smaller, often few-flowered, axillary, di-chasial cymes = var. fragilis
Flowering time: May-July
Habitat: dry stony/rocky slopes, 300-1400m.
Distribution: this species is a common endemic in Anatolia. It is recorded in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species as VU (vulnerable).

References:
Van Herbaryum
Kaplan A., Çölgeçen H., Büyükkartal H.N., 2009. Seed morphology and histology of some Paronychia taxa (Caryophyllaceae) from Turkey, Bangladesh J. Bot. 38(2): 171-176.



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