Paronychia kurdica subsp. kurdica var. kurdica (Boiss.) McNeill
Common names: Witlow-wort [En], Dolama out [Tu]
Çığlıkara Nature Reserve, Elmalı, ANTALYA ● Turkey
The genus Paronychia Miller is distributed in warm and dry regions of the world. In Turkey, the plant is found in Irano-Turanien and East-Mediterranian phytogeographic regions and is represented by 28 species, 20 of which are endemic to Turkey & East Aegean Islands.
Paronychia kurdica is a procumbent herb, often compact and woody at base. Leaves 4-7 x 1-2 mm, narrowly oblong to oblanceolate, ± obtuse, thickish, pubescent. Stipules 4 per node, mostly shorter than the leaves. Glomerules 10-15 mm diam., profuse and congested. Bracts obliquely ovate, acuminate, almost 2 x longer than the flowers. Flowers 3-3.5 mm, pubescent. Sepals unequal, 3 long, 2 (inner) short, narrowly oblong-lanceolate, obtuse to acute, the outer recurved at tips.
It is a very variable species in which 3 subspecies are recognisable in Turkey :
- subsp. monfis-munzur
- subsp. haussknechtii
- subsp. kurdica: Leaves often not quite imbricate; glomerules 10-15 mm; bracts usually concealing flowers; flowers 3-3.5 mm; sepals markedly unequal.
- Shoots not brittle; glomerules quite large, 10-15 mm diam = var. kurdica
- Shoots very brittle; glomerules smaller, often few-flowered, axillary, di-chasial cymes = var. fragilis
Flowering time: May-July
Habitat: dry stony/rocky slopes, 300-1400m.
Distribution: this species is a common endemic in Anatolia. It is recorded in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species as VU (vulnerable).
Kaplan A., Çölgeçen H., Büyükkartal H.N., 2009. Seed morphology and histology of some Paronychia taxa (Caryophyllaceae) from Turkey, Bangladesh J. Bot. 38(2): 171-176.