Lycaena phlaeas Linnaeus, 1761
Common names: Small Copper, American Copper, Common Copper [En], Cuivré commun, Bronzé [Fr], Kleine vuurvlinder [Nl], Kleiner Feuerfalter [De], Czerwończyk żarek [Po], Benekli bakır kelebeği [Tu]
Hamoir ● Belgium
Description: The upperside forewings are a bright orange with a dark outside edge border and with eight or nine black spots. The hindwings are dark with an orange border.
Biology: In bright sun it is a very active little butterfly with the males setting up small territories which they will defend vigorously against rival males or indeed any unlucky passing insect.
There are between two and three broods a year, fewer further north. In exceptionally good years, a fourth brood sometimes occurs in the south and adults can still be seen flying into November. The species overwinters as a caterpillar.
Habitat: It is found in a wide variety range of habitats from chalk downlands, heathland, woodland clearings to churchyards and waste ground in cities.
Distribution: It is widespread and common across Europe, Asia and North America, and also found in North Africa south through Ethiopia.
Wikipedia/ Lycaena phlaeas