Minois dryas Scopoli, 1763 ♀
Common names: Dryad [En], Grand Nègre des Bois, Dryade [Fr], Blauwoogvlinder [Nl], Blauäugiger Waldportier, Blaukernauge [De], Driade [It], Ojos azules [Es], ∆ρυάδα [Gr], Karahayalet [Tu]
Puivert, AUDE ● France
Description: The wingspan is 45–60 millimetres (1.8–2.4 in). Unmistakable species with brown wings and two prominent bluish eyespots on each forewing. The female is lighter and larger than the male.
Biology: The butterfly is on wing from June to September depending on the location.
The larvae feed on grass species, such as Molinia caerulea, Calamagrostis, Poa, Avena, Bromus, Dactylis, Festuca, Arrhenatherum elatius, Oryza sativa, Molinia caerulea and Carex.
They fly slowly and are more active in morning or late afternoon. It is a sedentary and long-lived species. Males are territorial.
Habitat: Forest clearing, adjacent meadows, river valleys.
Distribution: It is found in Southern and Central Europe up to Central Asia and Japan.
Warecki A. & Sielezniew M., 2008. Dryad Minois dryas (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae) in south-eastern Poland: a recent range expansion or oversight of an endangered species?, Polish Journal of Entomology, Vol.77: 191-198.
Wikipedia, Minois dryas