Clematis flammula Linnaeus, 1753
Common names: Fragrant virgin's bower [En], Clématite flammette, Clématite brûlante [Fr], Brennende Waldrebe [De], Clematide fiammella [It], Flámula [Es], Κληματίδα η Φλογώδης, Φλογώδης άμπελος [Gr], Yakıcı orman asması [Tu]
Saint-Louis et Parahou, AUDE ● France
Description: The woody vine bears fragrant white star-shaped flowers with creamy anthers and small green achenes. When the flowers are newly opened they have a strong sweet almond fragrance.
The vine grows in a tangled mass that is heavily sprinkled with flowers throughout the warmer months. The plant sends out many shoots and can reach over five metres in height.
Clematis flammula var. maritime is a hardier variety that is adapted to sand dunes. It is currently being studied as an agent of soil stabilization on eroded sandy beaches.
Biology: If the vine has no other plants or structures to climb on, it will climb on itself, forming a large, densely tangled bush. It flowers from July to begin September.
Habitat: maquis, clearings.
Distribution: Native to southern Europe and northern Africa, but cultivated worldwide as an ornamental plant in gardens.
Caution: It is sweet-smelling but poisonous. The contact with leaves and flowers can irritate the eyes and throat and produce inflammation and vesication on the skin, hence the name flammula.
Wikipedia, Clematis flammula