Philanthus triangulum Fabricius, 1775
Common names: European beewolf, Bee-eating philanthus [En], Philante apivore [Fr], Bijenwolf [Nl], Bienenwolf [De], Lobo de las abejas [Es], Avrupa yaban arısı [Tu]
Rennes-les-Bains, AUDE ● France
Description: Solitary wasp. The females are larger than the males.
Biology: Although the adults of the species are herbivores (feeding on nectar and pollen), the species derives its name from the behavior of the inseminated females, who hunt honey bees. P. triangulum is a burrow-nesting species. Females catch and sting feeding honeybees and then carry their paralysed victim back to their nests. They place several preys with an egg in a small underground chamber, as food for the larvae. All members of the genus Philanthus hunt various species of bees, but P. triangulum is apparently the only one that specializes in honeybees.
Habitat: Open and sandy soils.
Distribution: Europe and Northern Africa
Wikipedia, European beewolf