Anemone nemorosa Linnaeus, 1753
Common names: Wood anemone, Windflower [En], Anémone sylvie, Anémone des bois [Fr], Bosanemoon [Nl], Buschwindröschen [De], Anemone dei boschi [It], Anémona de bosque, Flor del viento [Es], Ανεμώνη η δασόφιλος [Gr], Beyaz dağlalesi, Rüzgargülü [Tu]
Meise, BRABANT ● Belgium
Description: It is a perennial herbaceous plant, growing from 5 to 15 cm tall. The flower is 2 cm diameter, with six or seven (and in rare occasions eight, nine or ten) petal-like segments (actually tepals) with many stamens. In the wild the flowers are usually white, but may be pinkish, lilac, blue or yellow and often have a darker tint to the back of the 'petals'. The flowers lack both fragrance and nectar.
The leaves are divided into three segments and the flowers, produced on short stems, are held above the foliage with one flower per stem.
Biology: The plants start blooming soon after the foliage emerges from the ground. They grow from underground root-like stems called rhizomes and the foliage dies back down by mid summer (summer dormant). The rhizomes spread just below the soil surface, forming long spreading clumps that grow quickly, contributing to its rapid spread in woodland conditions, where they often carpet large areas.
Habitat: Woodland, damp meadows in mountainous regions.
Distribution: Europe (except the southernmost areas), Northern temperate zone of western Asia, Boreal region of North America.
Caution: The plant contains poisonous chemicals that are toxic to animals including humans, but it has also been used as a medicine. All parts of this plant contain protoanemonin, an irritating acrid oil that is an enzymatic breakdown product of the glycoside ranunculin. While protoanemonin can cause severe topical and gastrointestinal irritation, it is unstable and changes into harmless anemonin when plants are dried or heated. It can be a dangerous and powerful depressant of the central nervous system and heart.
Wikipedia, Anemone nemorosa
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