Campanula lyrata subsp. lyrata Lam, 1785
Common names: Lir biçimli çan çiçeği [Tu]
Priene, AYDIN ● Turkey
Description: Campanula lyrata Lam., 1785 species consists of two subspecies:
C.l. subsp. lyrata – Plant subhispid, scabrid, stem erect or many stemmed with a main stem; basal leaves lyrate or oblong-ovate, corolla tube to 10-20 mm; endemic to Turkey.
C.l. subsp. icarica Runemark ex Phitos. – Plant pubescent; stem erect or rarely ascending; basal leaves cordate, corolla tube to 25 mm; endemic to East Aegean Islands.
C.l. subsp. lyrata is densely short hirsute or destitute, biennial or perennial. The stem is single and erect 20-120 cm, many-stemmed or rarely ascending with main stem frequently more robust. The basal leaves are lyrate or oblong, long lobulate-petiolate, 15-20 x 40-65 mm, serrate or crenate, acute; basal stem leaves oblong-ovate, 18-23 x 50-65 mm, long lobulate-petiolate, serrate or crenate, acute or acuminate. The upper leaves are oblong-ovate, lobulate, 10-15 x 25-35 mm, serrate or crenate, acute or acuminate.
The flowers racemes or panicles, pedicel or almost not pedicel. The calyx is swollen at base, with appendages, 5-lobed, lobes ovate, densely hirsute, 5-6 mm, abconical as long as ovarium, acuminate. The corolla is cylindrical to narrowly infundibular, with the tube of 10-20 mm and the corolla length 15-30 mm, violet-blue, acute. The calyx lobes are ½ as long as the corolla tube. The stamens are 5, broadened at base, densely hirsute on disc. The styles in corolla are 5-fid stigma. The ovary is densely hirsute-subhispid, ovate. The capsule is obconical, 5-6 x 5-7 mm, opening with 5 pores, seeds oblong, brown, shiny.
Biology: Flowering from April to July.
Habitat: Road sides, stony places, cliffs, banks, up to 1700 m.
Distribution: Endemic species of West part of Anatolia.
Davis P.H., Mill R.R. & Tan K., 1988. Flora of Turkey and East Aegean Islands, Suppl 1, Vol. 10, Edinburgh, pp. 177-180.
Wild flowers of Turkey
Bilir T. & Özhatay E., 2004. Morphological researches on some Campanula L. species of Uludağ (Bursa)