Achillea teretifolia Willd.
Syn: A. microloba DC., A. longirama
Çığlıkara, Elmalı, ANTALYA ● Turkey
The genus Achillea of the Asteraceae family is diversely distributed in Anatolia and represented by 42 species of which 23 are endemic for Turkey.
Description: Height (10-)20-35 cm. Stems terete, longitudinally striped, adpressed-tomentose, glabrescent. Leaves loosely subadpressed-piiose, linear-filiform, flexuose, median-cauline (1-) 1. 5-3 x 0.05-0.1 (-0.15) cm, pinnatisect, segments densely imbricate, undivided or rarely 3-lobed, 0.5 x0.3 mm, denticulate. Capitula (6-)10-40, corymbs (l.5-)3-7 cm broad, peduncles (2-)4-13(-30) mm. Involucre subglobose, ± umbilicate at base, 3-5 mm broad and long. Phyllaries ovate to lanceolate, subacute or obtuse, loosely adpressed- or subadpressed-hairy, inner narrowly pellucid-margined. Ligules 5-7, white, (l-)2-3 mm; disc flowers 20-45.
Flowering time: June-July.
Habitat: steppe, rocky slopes, coniferous forest, subalpine meadows, 900-2150 m.
Distribution: Endemic of Turkey. Irano-Turan element.
Medicinal uses: From a wide perspective, Achillea species comprise an important biological resource in Turkish folk medicine against gastro-intestinal complaints (stomachache, abdominal pain, flatulence, diarrhea, and hemorrhoids), inflammatory disorders (rheumatic pain, for maturation on abscess, and eye inflammations), for wound healing, as emmenagogue, as diuretic, against jaundice, and for many other complaints. Particularly, yarrow (Achillea millefolium L.), inflorescence, or aerial part is recorded as an official plant in the European Pharmacopoeia.
Antinociceptive and anti-inflammatory, human erythrocyte and leukocyte protective,
antispasmodic, antimicrobial, and antioxidant activities of different Achillea species growing in Turkey were previously reported. Antibacterial and antifungal activities against a wide spectrum of pathogens as well as antioxidant properties of essential oils from several Achillea species and their compositions were also investigated.
Flora of Turkey, compulsed with the friendly help of Volkan Eroğlu.
Demirci F., Demirci B., Gürbüz İ, Yeşilada E., Başer K.H.C., 2009.
Characterization and Biological Activity of Achillea teretifolia Willd. and A. nobilis L. subsp. neilreichii (Kerner), Turk J Biol 33, 129-136.