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Wiedemannia orientalis Fisch. & Mey., 1838

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Wiedemannia orientalis Fisch. & Mey., 1838
Common names: Ballıbaba, Doğu ballıbabası [Tu]

Endemic species

Kızkalesi, MERSİN ● Turkey

Description: The genus Wiedemannia is represented by 2 species in the flora of Turkey. The other species is Wiedemannia multifida (L.) Bentham.

The 4 angles stem is 5.5-39.8 cm, pubescent to puberulent, with glandular or eglandular hairs. The lower leaves are petiolate, the upper leaves sessile. They are ovate to lanceolate, rarely oblong, crenate-dentate, swollen, pilose or rarely puberulent. The bracts are ovate to lanceolate, 6-32x2-17 mm, crenate-dentate. The calyx of 5.6-11.7 mm, is villous or pubescent. The corolla is pink or purplish, hairy, generally with markings on lower lip, 7-27 mm.
Wiedemannia orientalis has various glandular and eglandular hairs at stem, leaf, petiol, calyx and corolla.

Habitat: Disturbed soils, meadows, steppe, macchie.

Distribution: Endemic species of East Mediterranean;Turkey (Anatolia, where it is widespread), Lebanon, Syria, Israel/Palestine.

References:
Özturk Çali İ. & Candan F., 2012. Morphological and Anatomical Investigations on Endemic
Wiedemannia orientalis Fisch. & C. A. Mey, Turkey, Balwois, Balkan Water Observation and Information System for Balkan countries.

Mill. R.R. & Davis P.H. (ed.), 1982. Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands,Vol.7, pp.148-149, University Press, Edinburgh.
Davis P.H., Mill R.R. & Tan K. (eds.), 1998. Flora of Turkey and the East Aegean Islands, Vol. 10. (Suppl.), Univiversity Press, Edinburgh.




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