Flammulina velutipes (Curtis) Singer, 1951
Common names: Velvet Foot [En], Collybie à pied velouté [Fr]
Meise, BRABANT ● Belgium
Description: Cap: 1-7 cm; convex, becoming broadly convex to flat; moist and sticky when fresh; smooth; color fairly variable--dark orange brown to yellowish brown, often fading with maturity.
Gills: Attached to the stem; whitish to pale yellow; crowded or close.
Stem: 2-11 cm long; 3-5 mm thick; equal or larger towards base; tough; pale to yellowish brown or orange brown when young; becoming covered with a dark, rusty brown to blackish velvety coating as it matures.
Biology: Flammulina velutipes is one of the few mushrooms that can be found in winter.
Habitat: Saprobic on the stumps, logs, roots, and living wood of hardwoods.
Distribution: It is a pan-North Temperate species, extending from Europe east through Asia and from the west coast of North America to the Appalachian Mountains.
Uses: The “enoki mushroom,” also called the “enokitake,” is a cultivated form of Flammulina velutipes, and is often found in grocery stores and restaurants. It looks nothing like the wild mushroom, however; it is pale, long-stemmed, and tiny-capped. See more info about it on Wikipedia.
This species can be found on late autumn throughout the winter, including through frosts.
Kuo, M. (2006, February). Flammulina velutipes. Retrieved from the MushroomExpert.Com
Hughes, K. W., et al. (1999). Patterns of geographic speciation in the genus Flammulina based on sequences of the ribosomal ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 area. Mycologia 91: 978-986.