Schenkia spicata (L.) Mans., 2004
Syn.: Centaurium spicatum (L.) Fritsch
Common names: Spiked Centaury, Branched Centaury [En], Petite centaurée en épi [Fr], Ähriges Tausendgüldenkraut [De], Centauro spigato [It]
Köseçobanlı, Gülnar, MERSIN ● Turkey
Description: Variable species easily recognizable by the basal largely elliptic to oval leaves, sometimes forming a crowded pseudo-rosette.
Besides, the numerous sessile flowers are equal in length to the associated internode, giving the impression of a densely spiked inflorescence. The style is longer than or equaling the ovary.
All mentions of this species in Australia are referring to Schenkia australis, which is a different species, tetraploid (European specimens are diploid).
Habitat: Damp grassy or sandy places near the sea.
Distribution: Southern Europe, Western and Middle Asia, Northern Africa.
Western Europe to eastern Asia (Albania, Bulgaria, France [incl. Corsica], Greece [incl. Crete], Italy [incl. Sardinia and Sicily], Portugal, Spain [incl. Azores, Balearic Islands], Romania, Turkey; Afghanistan, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Iran, Jordan, Russia, Syria) and North Africa (Algeria, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia); introduced in North America.
Mansion G., 2004. A new classification of the polyphyletic genus Centaurium Hill Chironiinae, Gentianaceae): description of the New World endemic Zeltnera, and reinstatement of Gyrandra Griseb. and Schenkia Griseb., Taxon 53 (3): 719–740.
Wikipedia, Schenkia spicata