Juniperus drupacea Labill., 1791
Common names: Syrian Juniper [En], Genévrier de Syrie [Fr], Syrischer Wacholder [De], Enebro de Siria [Es], Άρκευθος δρυπώδης, Δενδρόκεδρο [Gr], Andız, Andız ağacı [Tu]
IUCN Status: LC (Least Concern)
Gökbelen, Silifke, MERSIN ● Turkey
Description: Juniperus drupacea is the tallest species of juniper, forming a conical tree 10-25 m tall, exceptionally up to 40 m, and with a trunk up to 1-2 m thick. The bark is rather thick, brown-grey, with longitudinally fibrous. It has needle-like leaves in whorls of 3, horizontal spreading; the leaves are greenish become brown with age, 5-25 mm long and 2-3 mm broad, with a double white stomatal band (split by a green midrib) on the inner surface.
The seed cones are the largest of any juniper, berry-like but hard and dry, green ripening in about 25 months to dark purple-brown with a pale blue waxy coating; they are ovoid to spherical, 20-27 mm long and 20-25 mm diameter, and have six or nine fused scales in 2-3 whorls, each scale with a slightly raised apex. They are axillary on a 5-8 mm peduncle, the peduncle with short (3-4 mm) leaves. The three apical scales each bear a single seed, but with the three seeds fused together into a single nut-like shell. The male cones are produced in clusters (unlike any other juniper) of 5-20 cones together, yellow, 3-4 mm long, and fall soon after shedding their pollen in early spring.
Biology: It is usually dioecious, with separate male and female plants.
Habitat: Rocky sites, from 800-1700 m altitude.
Distribution: Native to the eastern Mediterranean region, from southern Greece (Parnon Oros, Peloponnese), southern Turkey, western Syria, Lebanon and Israel/Palestine.
Most extensive in the Toros Daglari (Cilician Taurus mountains) of S Turkey extending into N Syria; the remaining populations are disjunct and include Southern Greece (rare); Golan Heights (Israel/Syria); and in Lebanon.
Wikipedia, Juniperus drupacea
Karaca H., 1994. Monumental trees of Turkey: 6. Juniperus drupacea. Karaca Arboretum Magazine 2 (3): 135-136.