Iurus kraepelini von Ubisch, 1922 ♂
Syn.: Iurus dufoureius asiaticus Birula, 1903
Common names: Kraepelin’s Scorpion [En], Krepelin Akrebi [Tu]
Çığlıkara, Elmalı, ANTALYA ● Turkey
Description: This scorpion is one of the largest (up to 10 cm) scorpions in Europe and Turkey. Basic color of carapace, mesosoma, metasoma, telson, and legs dark blackish, except for tarsus which is orange; carinae of metasoma and pedipalp black, barely distinguishable from background color. Sternites light brown; genital operculum, pectines, basal piece yellow. Essentially void of patterns. Typically pectinal tooth counts largest in genus.
Biology: Males reach adulthood after the fourth (age of 637 days) or fifth (age of 605–785 days) ecdysis, whereas females reach adult-hood always after the fifth ecdysis (age of 402–800 days). A female give birth approx. 8-10 childs in each summer period and carry its childs on its dorsum until the molting process.
You can see here two nice photos of a female of this species taken by Bayram Göçmen.
Distribution: It is almost endemic to Southern Turkey ((provinces of Mersin, Karaman, Konya, Isparta, Antalya, Muğla), however it is also found on an adjacent island of Greece, Kastelorizo.
Caution: This scorpion can sting only if disturbed or provoked. Despite his big size, its venom presents little danger to humans.
Kovarik F., Fet V., Soleglad M. E. & Yağmur E. A., 2010. Etudes on iurids, III. Revision of the genus Iurus Thorell, 1876 (Scorpiones: Iuridae), with a description of two new species from Turkey. Euscorpius — Occasional Publications in Scorpiology, No. 95, 1-212 pp.
Ozkan O, Ciftci G, Pekmezci GZ, Kar S, Uysal H, Karaer KZ. , 2007. Proteins, lethality and in vivo effects of Iurus dufoureius asiaticus scorpion venom, Toxicon. 2007; 50(3):394-9