Morina persica Linnaeus, 1753
Common names : Prickly Whorlflower [En], Απουράνι [Gr], Dağ çayı, Merdiven çiçeği [Tu]
Grammos Mount, KASTORIA ● Greece
Etymology: in dedication to the French botanist of the XVII era, Louis Morin.
Description: This plant is nature wonder! It is a tall one (more than 1 m high). The white and rose flowers have a nice perfume… but in the same time the leaves are very spiny. Perennial plant, from 50cm to 1.50 m high. Entire or emarginate calyx lobes, white or pinkish white corolla, and filaments long as the corolla lobes.
Biology: The reproduction of this plant is really amazing. To see on this video.
Flowering period: May-June.
Habitat: rocky sunny slopes of mountains.
Distribution: from South eastern Europe to Indian Subcontinent (Albania, Bulgaria, Former Yugoslavia, Greece, Turkey, Iran, Lebanon, Syria, Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Pakistan, India).
In Turkey, it is distributed in inner Anatolia excluding South-East Anatolia.
Baser, K. H. C. and Kürkçüoğlu, M. (1998). Composition of the essential oil of Morina persica L. flowers., J. Essent. Oil Res., 10: 117-118
Kesseler R., Harley M. (2005). Pollen, The Hidden Sexuality of Flowers, Papadakis. ISBN 9781901092448.