Armeria canescens (Host) Boiss., 1848
Common names: Sea Pink [En], Armérie [Fr], Spillone della Majella [It], Αρμέρια η υπόλευκος [Gr]
Grammos Mount, KASTORIA ● Greece
Description: Caespitose perennial plant with a branched woody stock.
The leaves are disposed in a basal rosette, muticous, dimorphic; those of the two outermost rows linear-spathulate, shorter and wider than the inner, 20-45 x 2-4 mm; inner linear-lanceolate or linear, flat or revolute, 36-75 x 1.1-2 mm. Scape ± robust, without glands, 15-35 cm long and 0.9-1.3 mm in diameter.
The top of scape is enclosed in a tubular scarious sheath 10-40 mm long.
The inflorescence is organised in a dense capitulum of 12-20 mm in diameter, with an involucre of imbricate bracts, composed of bracteate spikelets. The outer bracts are shorter than or equalling the inner, with a straight apex; the inner ones with wide scarious margins. The calyx infundibuliform is obliquely inserted; 6-9.5 mm long, with a short basal spur; the tube 10-ribbed, hairy on both primary and secondary ribs; the limb scarious with awned lobes. The corolla is pinkish or white. The stigma plumose. The fruit dehiscent.
4 subspecies have been described:
• A.c. ssp. canescens (Host) Boiss., 1848 – Albania, Croatia, Greece, Italy, Former Yugoslavia, Sicily, Malta, Serbia & Montenegro
• A.c. ssp. dalmatica (Beck) Trinajstic, 1980 – Croatia, Serbia & Montenegro
• A.c. ssp. gracilis (Ten.) Bianchini – Endemic to Italy
• A.c. ssp. nebrodensis (Guss.) P. Silva, 1971 – flowering stems rarely above 20 cm in height, sheath below each head no more than 13mm in length (A. canescens itself has a sheath 18-30mm); Albania, Croatia, Greece, Italy, Former Yugoslavia, Sicily, Malta, Serbia & Montenegro
Biology: Flowering from mid-June to the end of July.
Habitat: Calcareous mountain grassland. Between 800 and 2300 m.
Distribution: Central and eastern Mediterranean region.
Alpine Garden Society
Strid A., 1986. Mountain Flora of Greece, Vol. 1, Cambridge University Press, p. 749.