Silene dichotoma subsp. dichotoma Ehrh, 1792
Syn.: Silene dichotoma subsp. racemosa (Otth) Graebn., 1920
Common names: Forked catchfly [En], Gabelästiges Leimkraut [De], Σιληνή η διχοτόμος [Gr], Nakıl [Tu]
Koutsouris, RHODES ● Greece
Description: Annual or rarely biennial or perennial.
The stems are ascending to erect, hirsute to puberulent, 15-80 cm; the lower leaves variable in shape, + petiolate; the cauline leaves sessile, lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate, rarely ovate. The inflorescence has a dichasium below, passing into monochasia above; flowers sessile to subsessile, at least the alar, usually all, ± horizontal. The calyx is 7-15 mm, green or purplish, with 10 prominent, slightly winged nerves which are hirsute with multicellular hairs. The petals are white or pink, 15-18mm, limb deeply bipartite. Anthophore 1.5-2 mm, glabrous. Capsule ovoid-oblong, included in the calyx. A very variable species.
• S. d. subsp. euxina – Petals usually pink; leaves less than 8 mm broad
• S. d. subsp. dichotoma – Petals white; leaves broader than 8 mm, calyx 10-15 mm, usually densely setose
• S. d. subsp. sibthorpiana – Petals white; leaves broader than 8 mm, calyx 7-9 mm, usually sparsely setose.
Biology: Flowering from April to July.
Habitat: Cultivated ground, rocky and waste places, slopes, steppe. Up to 2100 m.
Distribution: East Mediterranean species; Italy, Bulgaria, Croatia, Romania, Greece including Crete, Cyprus, Turkey, Southern Ukraine.
Flora of Van lake Basin