Urtica pilulifera Linnaeus, 1753
Common names: Roman nettle [En], Ortie à pilules, Ortie algérienne, Ortie romaine [Fr], Pillen-Brennnessel [De], Ortiga romana [Es], Τσουκνίδα [Gr], Isırgan [Tu]
Kızkalesi, MERSİN ● Turkey
Description: Monoecious annual or biennial, 20-100 cm tall herb, with sparse stinging hairs. The stem is quadrangular.
The leaves have 2-10 cm long petiole; lamina ovate to broadly ovate, 2-10 cm long, 2-8cm broad, truncate or subcordate-cordate at the base, margin shallow to deeply serrate, apex acuminate; stipules free lateral, triangular-ovate to lanceolate, 3-6 mm long, membranous.
The racemes are bisexual, male flowers spiked, female flowers in terminal globose long peduncled head, c. 1 cm in diameter. The achenes are broadly ovate, c. 2.5 mm long, c. 2 mm broad, dark brown, enclosed by enlarged dorsal sepals.
Biology: Flowering from April to October.
Distribution: Southern Europe, Egypt, Turkey, Russia (Crimea, Caucasus), Afghanistan, Iran, Pakistan and N.W.India.
Flora of Pakistan