Allancastria cerisyi Godart, 1824
Syn.: Zerynthia cerisyi Godart, 1824
Common names: Eastern Festoon [En], Thaïs balkanique, Thaïs de Cérisy [Fr], Oostelijke pijpbloemvlinder [Nl], Östlicher Osterluzeifalter [De], Βαλκανική ζηρύνθια [Gr], Orman Fisto Kelebeği [Tu]
Olympos, ANTALYA ● Turkey
Description: A large butterfly with a wingspan of 45-65 mm. The upperside ground colour of the male is light yellow. The forewing has grey apical markings and a series of black bars perpendicular to the costa. Hindwing with small black and red markings mainly in the postdiscal area. The marginal area has a series of small, black triangular projections at the vein ends, extended to give the outer edge of the wing a somewhat dentate appearance. One of these projections is more fully developed into a small tail. The underside closely resembles the upperside; the dark apical forewing marks, however, are absent and the markings in the hindwing are larger and more pronounced.
The ground colour of the female is a deeper yellow and the markings are more pronounced and extended than in the male.
• A. c. cerisyi Godart, 1824 –
• A. c. cretica Rebel, 1904 – Crete (considered by some taxonomists as a separated species, Allancastria cretica Rebel, 1904)
• A. c. cypria Stichel, 1907 – endemic of Cyprus
• A. c. dalmacijae Sala & Bollino, 1994 - Croatia
• A. c. ferdinandi Stichel, 1907 – Bulgaria, Albania and Greece
• A. c. huberi Sala & Bollino, 1994 – North-Western Greece (Florina)
• A. c. martini Fruhstorfer, 1906 – Rhodos
• A. c. mihljevici Sijaric, 1990 – Bosnia Herzegovina
• A. c. speciosa Stichel, 1907 – Eastern Turkey, Syria, Lebanon and Northern Israel.
Biology: The adult butterflies usually start to emerge early in March (sometimes in February) and are on the wing until the end of July in a single generation (univoltine). It overwinters as a pupa.
The larval host-plants are various species of the genus Aristolochia (Birthworts). The larvae feed on the leaves and flowers of this plant and complete their development by July.
Habitat: A common butterfly occurring mainly in the foothills and mountain areas. Occurs in a variety of habitats, such as maquis, garigue, phrygana, forests, cultivated areas and riverbeds, from sea level to 1900 m. Even though it is found in the lowlands, it is much more common in the mountains, especially close to areas with running water where its host-plant Aristolochia thrives.
Distribution: SE Europe, the Middle East including Cyprus, Iraq and Iran.
Makris C., 2003. Butterflies of Cyprus. Bank of Cyprus Cultural Foundation. 329 pp.
Baytaş A., 2008. Türkiye’nin Kelebekleri Doğa Rehberi. NTV yayınları, Doğuş Grubu İletişim Yayıncılık ve Ticaret A.Ş., Istanbul, 222 s.
Tolman T., 2008.Collins Butterfly Guide of Britain and Europe. Harper Collins Publishers Ltd., London, 384 pp.
Savela M. Lepidoptera and some other life forms