Philaeus chrysops Poda, 1761 ♂
Common names : Beautiful Jumper [En], Saltique rouge et noire [Fr], Vuurspringer [Nl], Goldaugenspringspinne [De], Altıngözlü Örümcek [Tu]
Mesudiye, MUĞLA ● Turkey
Etymology: from Greek Φίλαιος / Philaeus, the son of Αἴας / Aias or Ajax, king of Megara. He is the first of his family to become an Athenian citizen. Χρυσός / chrysos = gold and ὤψ / ops = eye, face.
Description: Normal body length is 7 to 12 mm, but 5 mm small males do occur. Unusual for spiders, the males are often bigger. The sexes differ extremely: males are very colorful with a glaringly red opisthosoma. The males have a dark brown cephalothorax with two broad longitudinal white stripes behind the rear eyes. The abdomen is bright orange-red on the back and the sides, with a longitudinal black stripe in the center and black shoulders. The size of the black stripe is variable. And there are local variations, with also white stripes inside the longitudinal black strip. The long, slender legs are dark with the patellae and most of the tibiae of the first two pairs bright orange-red.
The cephalothorax of the female is similar to the male, but with much smaller white stripes. The back of her abdomen is largely covered with a very broad brown band with two narrow longitudinal white stripes and a few white marks near the sides. The remainder of the abdomen and the sides are orange, the legs light brown with dark brown rings.
Habitat: open and warm spaces, among stones, rocks and low vegetation.
Distribution: warm places of the Palaearctic region, common in the Mediterranean, reaching into South China. Absent from the northern part of Europe.