Tordylium apulum Linnaeus, 1753
Common names: Ivory-fruited Hartwort, Mediterranean Hartwort, Small Hartwort, Roman Pimpernel [En], Tordyle d’Apulie, Tordyle des Pouilles [Fr], Apulischer Zirmet [De], Ombrellini pugliesi [It], Καυκαλίθρα, Τορδύλιο της Απουλίας, Μοσκάκι, Μοσκολάχανο [Gr], Küçük Geyikotu[Tu]
Mesudiye, MUĞLA ● Turkey
Description: Perennial herbaceous, growing to 20-50 cm in height. It has an erect stem that is branched with soft, spreading hairs at the base, and scattered hairs along the rest of the stem.
The leaves are softly hairy and pinnate, with the lower leaves being oval with toothed segments, and the upper leaves having linear segments. It has 2-8 primary rays. The marginal flowers each have 1 white petal, enlarged, and uniformly deeply 2-lobed. The bracts and bracteoles are linear long-pointed with spreading hairs.
The fruit is orbicular and flattened, and usually is 5-8 mm in size.
Biology: The flowers are hermaphrodite and are pollinated by insects. The plant is self-fertile.
Habitat: Cultivated beds, waste land, waysides, usually on sandy, loamy and clay soils.
Distribution: Mediterranean; Southern Europe, Northern Africa and Western Asia. Introduced to the United States (Arizona).
Uses: The young plant is used as a condiment in Greece and Italy.
Wikipedia, Tordylium apulum
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