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Daphne oleoides Schreb., 1766

Daphne oleoides-Mahmutlar-Alanya1.jpg <b><i>Daphne oleoides</b></i> Schreb., 1766||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux//2013/03/04/20130304183527-118c6de3-th.jpg>Thumbnails<b><i>Doronicum orientale</b></i> Hoffm., 1808||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux//2013/02/20/20130220184115-5a330d89-th.jpg><b><i>Daphne oleoides</b></i> Schreb., 1766||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux//2013/03/04/20130304183527-118c6de3-th.jpg>Thumbnails<b><i>Doronicum orientale</b></i> Hoffm., 1808||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux//2013/02/20/20130220184115-5a330d89-th.jpg><b><i>Daphne oleoides</b></i> Schreb., 1766||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux//2013/03/04/20130304183527-118c6de3-th.jpg>Thumbnails<b><i>Doronicum orientale</b></i> Hoffm., 1808||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux//2013/02/20/20130220184115-5a330d89-th.jpg><b><i>Daphne oleoides</b></i> Schreb., 1766||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux//2013/03/04/20130304183527-118c6de3-th.jpg>Thumbnails<b><i>Doronicum orientale</b></i> Hoffm., 1808||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux//2013/02/20/20130220184115-5a330d89-th.jpg><b><i>Daphne oleoides</b></i> Schreb., 1766||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux//2013/03/04/20130304183527-118c6de3-th.jpg>Thumbnails<b><i>Doronicum orientale</b></i> Hoffm., 1808||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux//2013/02/20/20130220184115-5a330d89-th.jpg><b><i>Daphne oleoides</b></i> Schreb., 1766||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux//2013/03/04/20130304183527-118c6de3-th.jpg>Thumbnails<b><i>Doronicum orientale</b></i> Hoffm., 1808||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux//2013/02/20/20130220184115-5a330d89-th.jpg>

Daphne oleoides Schreb., 1766
Common names: Olive daphne [En], Camelée faux olivier, Daphné faux Olivier [Fr], Ölbaumähnlicher Seidelbast [De], Dafne spatolata [It], Δάφνη η ελαιοειδής [Gr], Yabani Defne [Tu]

Alanya, ANTALYA ● Turkey

Description: Evergreen shrub growing to 1 m (3ft 3in).
The young shoots are reddish-brown, densely pubescent or sericeous, the older branches glabrous, bark grey.
The leaves are subsessile or with petioles 1-2 mm, coriaceous, obovate, oblanceolate or elliptic, 10-25(-30) x (3-)4-6(-9) mm, broadly acute, obtuse or mucronate, glaucous, margins thickened; young leaves densely or sparsely white-pilose, adaxial surface often glabrescent. The flowers are sessile, fragrant, white, sometimes purplish outside, in terminal clusters of 3-6. The flowers bracts are absent or minute, triangular-ovate, 2x1 mm, acute, caducous. The perianth is 10-16 mm, white or creamy-white, adpressed-pubescent or sericeous-villous; the lobes acute. The ovary is pubescent.
The fruit is ovoid, 4-6 mm, orange-red.

Subspecies and varieties:
D. o. subsp. oleoides – Perianth lobes narrowly triangular or lanceolate, (3-)4-8 x 0.5-1.5 mm, upright growth, young shoots and leaves soft haired, later hairs only on the upper leave surface
D. o. var. brachyloba – later hairs only on the lower leaf surface, densely leafy habit – Southern Europe
D. o. var. buxifolia – branches villose and leaves silky on both sides –North of the Mediterranean Sea
D. o. var. glandulosa – branches hairless and also leaves are only silky on the abaxial surface – from Italy to the Balkans
D. o. subsp. baksanica – more or less prostrate growth, narrow leaves with long hairs, different hypanthium and disc – Russia Baksan River
D. o. subsp. kurdica – Perianth lobes ovate or triangular-ovate, (2-)3-5 x 1.5-3.5 mm; cushion shaped habit, densely soft haired leaves – from Turkey to Iran
D. o. subsp. transcaucasica – robust, sericeous form, different hypanthium and disc – Transcaucasus region.

Biology: Flowering from May to July. The flowers are hermaphrodite.

Habitat: Dry limestone slopes and screes, roadsides. From 1050 to 3200 m.

Distribution: South Europe, North Africa and West Asia to the Himalayas.

Caution: All parts of the plant are poisonous. Skin contact with the sap can cause dermatitis in some people.

References:
Plants of the Van Lake Basin
Plants For A Future
Daphne, Seidelbast.net




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