Glebionis coronaria var. discolor (L.) Cass. ex Spach, 1841
Syn.: Chrysanthemum coronarium L.
Common names: Garland chrysanthemum, Crown Daisy [En], Chrysanthème à couronne [Fr], Gekroonde ganzenbloem [Nl], Kronenwucherblume [De], Crisantemo [It], Mojigata [Es], Χρυσάνθεμο, Χρυσάνθεμο το στεφανωματικό, Τζιτζιμπόλα, Τσιτσιμίδα, Μαντηλίδα, Μαργαρίτα κιτρίνη, Άγρια παπαρούνα [Gr], Sarı Papatya, Dağlama, Dallama [Tu]
Mesudiye, MUĞLA ● Turkey
Etymology: Glebionis? Chrysanthemum from Greek [Chrysos], gold, and [anthemon], flower; coronaria from latin corona, crown.
Description: Stem erect, highly branched, glabrous. Leaves alternate, sessile, multi pinnate or pinnatifid.
The flower heads are supported by thickened stalks, and overlapping, short, triangular shaped phyllaries, which often have a dark outline. The flower heads have a central flattened, disc-shaped receptacle holding many yellow, tubular disc-florets and the perimeter is outlined by 10-15 ray-florets with large (20 mm) golden yellow ‘petals’. The reproductive organs (stamens and styles) lie within every floret. The 5 stamens are fused together as a singular collar around the style. The florets of the perimeter mature first and those of the center last.
The fruit is a simple tooth-like achene, without a pappus.
Uses: The plant is rich in minerals and vitamins with potassium concentrations at 610 mg/100 g and carotene at 3.4 g/100 g in edible portions. In addition, the plant contains various antioxidants (in stem, leaf, and root tissues) that have potential long-term benefits for human health, although toxic (dioxin) properties have also been observed. Extracts from C. coronarium var. spatiosum have been shown to inhibit growth of Lactobacillus casei, a beneficial human intestinal bacterium.
Distribution: Mediterranean plant of Europe, North Africa and Western Asia.
Teixeira Da Silva J. A., Yonekura L. , Kaganda J. , Mookdasanit J., Nhut D.T. and Afach G., 2005. Important Secondary Metabolites and Essential Oils of Species Within the Anthemideae (Asteraceae), Journal of Herbs, Spices & Medicinal Plants, 11: 1, 1 — 4
Wild Plants of Malta