Galanthus elwesii Hook.f., 1875
Common names: Giant Snowdrop, Greater Snowdrop [En], Perce-neige géant [Fr], Groot sneeuwklokje [Nl], Elwes-Schneeglöckchen [De], Γάλανθος ο Ελβέσιος [Gr], Kardelen, Sümbül, Nergis [Tu].
Alanya, ANTALYA ● Turkey
Description: Perennial, herbaceous geophyte which remains entirely subterranean for a large proportion of their life cycle. Large flowered species characterised by supervolute vernation and broad glaucous leaves, inner perianth segments bearing apical and basal green marks (two separate green marks or sometimes one large, more or less X-shaped). 8-10” (to 30 cm) tall.
Each bulb produces a single, large nodding white 3-petaled blossoms.
G. elwesii represented by two varieties in Turkey:
• G. elwesii Hook.f. var elwesii – very variable; largest populations found in the Taurus Mountains, on limestone area and subalpine pastures, between 800-1000 m and up to 1600 m.
• G. elwesii var. monostictus P.D. Sell. – characterized by the solitary apical mark present on each inner perianth segment; rare in the field.
In the field G. gracilis is the only species likely to be confused with G. elwesii var. elwesii. Because they have the same type of marks on the inner perianth segments and the leaves have same range of glaucous coloration. However, these two species can be easily distinguished because the leaves of G. gracilis are applanate in vernation whereas G. elwesii are supervolute. Furthermore the bulbs of G. gracilis are usually globose whereas G. elwesii are ovoid. In G. gracilis the apex of inner perianth segment is usually curled back (flared), whereas in G. elwesii it is more or less straight.
Biology: Late winter- to early spring-flowering.
Habitat: Woods, scrub and rocky meadows, forest, forest clearings, subalpine pastures, at altitudes from 100 to 1,300 m but most commonly at 800 to 1,000 m.
Distribution: The natural range of Galanthus elwesii extends from Asia Minor to the Aegean Islands, Balkan mountains and northwestern part of the Black Sea shore.
Bulgaria; Greece (East Aegean Is., Greece (mainland)); Moldova; Romania; Serbia (Serbia); Turkey (North western, Western and Southern Anatolia); Southern Ukraine.
Protection: All Galanthus spp. are included under Appendix II of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES).
Yüzbasioğlu S., 2008. The development of non-detriment findings for Galathus elwesii Hook.F., in Turkey, Istanbul University, Istanbul.
Yüzbaşıoğlu S., 2012. Morphological variations of Galanthus elwesii in Turkey and difficulties on identification, Bocconea 24: 335-339. ISSN 1120-4060.
Davis A. 2011. Galanthus elwesii. In: IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2.