Dactylorhiza cordigera (Fr.) Soó, 1962
Common names: Heart Shaped Lip Dactylorhiza, Heart-flowered Marsh-orchid [En], Herz-Knabenkraut [De], Δακτυλόριζα η καρδιοφόρος [Gr]
IUCN Status: LC (Least Concern)
Grammos Mount, KASTORIA ● Greece
Description: The overall plant grows to around 40 cm and is very robust. The leaves are darkly spotted.
The flowers are dark purple with a pattern of even darker loops and streaks. The lower lip is distinctly heart-shaped.
Biology: It flowers from late May to late July.
Habitat: Marshy mountain meadows, stream banks, springs and seepages. It grows in acid to alkaline soils in full sunlight. From 900-2,400 m altitude.
Distribution: Endemic to Europe where it is found in the Balkans, extending from northern Greece, to Bulgaria, Bosnia-Herzegovina and northwards to the Carpathians and Ukraine.
Rankou H., 2011. Dactylorhiza cordigera. In: IUCN 2012. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2.
Delforge P., 1995. Orchids of Britain & Europe. Delachaux et Niestlé SA, Lausanne.