Dactylorhiza romana (Sebast.) Soó, 1962
Common names: Roman Dactylorhiza, Roman Marsh Orchid [En], Dactylorhize de Rome, Orchis de Rome [Fr], Römisches Knabenkraut [De], Orchide romana [It], Δακτυλόριζα της Ρώμης [Gr], Romalı Orkide [Tu]
Akamas (Ακάμας), PAPHOS (Πάφος, Baf) ● Cyprus
Description: Plant of 15-30 cm height. The 3-9 basal leaves are forming a rosette are light green, linar-lanceolate, 9-20 x 1-3.5 cm. The cauline leaves are shorter.
The flowers are showing two chromatic variations, one pale yellow, and one magenta, while plants, with intermediate colors, are not rare. On Cyprus, only the yellow form can be found.
The spur is arching upwards, a feature which discriminates it from Dactylorhiza sambucina.
Biology: It usually occurs in colonies. It flowers in March-May.
Habitat: Woodland, forest edges, semi-shadow places, up to 2000 m.
Distribution: Central and Eastern Mediterranean, reaching as far east as Bulgaria, Crimea and Syria.
Delforge P., 2005. Guide des Orchidées d’Europe, Delachaux et Niestlé.