Lycaena ottomana Lefèbvre, 1830 ♂
Syn.: Lycanena ottomanus Lefèbvre, 1830; Heodes ottomana Lefèbvre, 1830
Common names: Grecian Copper, Ottoman’s Copper [En], Cuivré des Balkans [Fr], Griekse vuurvlinder [Nl], Ελληνική χαλκούχα λυκαένα [Gr], Osmanlıateşi [Tu]
IUCN Status: VU (Vulnerable)
Mount Olympus, PIERIA ● Greece
Description: Similair to Scarce Copper, L. virgaureae, but the male has a broader black borders on both wings. Below, forewing in both sexes is orange with black spots; paler hindwing has a wide grey outer margin that contains a reddish wavy submarginal line.
Biology: It fly from Mid-April to mid-September. It feeds on species of Rumex (Polygonaceae).
Habitat: Found in wet valleys and wet areas near the coast in Mediterranean evergreen woodlands and maquis, broad-leaved woodlands, heathland and scrubland. Up to 1000 m.
Distribution: Southeastern Europe (from Croatia to Greece), coastal provinces of Turkey (from Istanbul to Hatay).
Threats and Conservation: Although it has a fairly wide distribution there has been a decrease in the distribution area of between 20-50% over the last 25 years. This equates to a population reduction of 20% in ten years.
It is threatened by any coastal developments and human activity. It is an endangered species in Turkey and extirpated from most of its range in Marmara and Aegean coastal provinces.
Van Swaay C.A.M. & Warren M.S., 2000. Lycaena ottomana. In: IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.2
Baytaş A., 2007. A field guide to the butterflies of Turkey, NTV Yayınları, Istanbul.