Gentiana cruciata Linnaeus, 1753
Common names: Star Gentian, Cross Gentian [En], Gentiane croisette [Fr], Kruisbladgentiaan [Nl], Kreuz-Enzian [De], Γεντιακή [Gr], Çapraz Çentiyan [Tu]
Mount Vermion, VERIA ● Greece
Description: Herbaceous perennial plant reaching on average 20–40 cm in height.
It has erect stems, the leaves are large, ovate-lanceolate, semiamplexicaul, about 3–8 centimetres (1.2–3.1 in) long.
The flowers are violet-blue trumpets with 4 petals, clustered in the axils of upper leaves.
Biology: The flowering period extends from June to September. The flowers are hermaphrodite and pollinated by insects (entomogamy). The fruit is a capsule. The seeds are dispersed by gravity alone (barochory).
Habitat: This plant prefers dry calcareous soil in forest edges, bushy slopes, pastures, grasslands and dry meadows, at an altitude of 200 –1,600 metres (660–5,200 ft) above sea level.
Distribution: Most of Europe (except Portugal, Great Britain and Scandinavia) and Western Asia.
Wikipedia, Gentiana cruciata