Hemipenthes morio Linnaeus, 1758 ♀
Common names: Anthracine morio, Anthrax noir [Fr], Trauerschweber [De]
Arethousa, THESSALONIKI ● Greece
Description: The adults grow up to 7–10 millimetres (0.28–0.39 in) long, while the wingspan reaches 5–15 millimetres (0.20–0.59 in). Their body is dark-brown and hairy, especially on the side of the abdomen. The wings have a light area located near the apex and a dark area close to costal margin, separated by a zig-zag division. The apex of cell R1 is hyaline. The dark area of the wings almost reaches the end of the abdomen.
Biology: The adults can mostly be encountered from May through August feeding on nectar and pollen of a variety of flowers (for instance of Lavandula stoechas, Cytisus scoparius, Thapsia villosa, etc.).
The larvae are hyperparasites (parasites of parasites), mainly developing in larvae of flies (Diptera, Tachinidae), as well as in wasp larvae (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae) parasitizing caterpillars moths (Noctuidae).
Habitat: Sandy soils, common on coastal dunes.
Distribution: Most of Europe, eastern Palearctic ecozone, Near East and Nearctic ecozone.
Van Veen M., 2008. Key Hemipenthes
Wikipedia, Hemipenthes morio