Serapias bergonii E.G. Camus, 1908
Common names : Bergon's serapias, Bergon's Tongue-orchid [En], Sérapias de Bergon [Fr], Tongorchis [Nl], Bergons Zungenständel [De], Serapide di Bergon [It], Σεράπιο του Μπεργκόνι [Gr]
Laerma, RHODES ● Greece
Description: Erect plant of 15-42 cm high. The lower part of the stem and the leaves are often spotted with red lines. The 6-9 leaves are lanceolate. Inflorescence elongate with 3-12 flowers. The flowers are reddish with a long deflexed lip; the dark purple side lobes of the basal part of the lip are erect and visible inside the hood. In this species, the hood is half the height of the bracts, not less.
Biology: Flowering from March to May.
Distribution: Eastern Mediterranean region, from Italy to western and southern Turkey, including the Aegean islands, Cyprus and Malta.
Delforge P., 2005. Guide des Orchidées d'Europe, d'Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient. Lausanne: Delachaux et Niestlé.
Pellegrino G., Musacchio A., Noce M. E., Palermo A. M., and Widmer A., Reproductive Versus Floral Isolation Among Morphologically Similar Serapias L. Species (Orchidaceae), Journal of Heredity Advance Access published on December 23, 2004 [full text]