Ranunculus ficaria subsp. chrysocephalus P.D. Sell, 1991
Common names: Giant Lesser celandine [En], Ficaire, Ficaire fausse-renoncule [Fr], Gewoon speenkruid [Nl], Scharbockskraut [De], Ranuncolo favagello [It], Celidonia menor [Es], Βατράχι [Gr], Düğünçiçeği, Basurotu, Mayasıl otu [Tu]
Fethiye, MUĞLA ● Turkey
Description: Perennial, gregarious herb, with whitish, fibrous roots and numerous, whitish or pale brown, fusiform or clavate root-tubers 5-50 x 3.5-6.0 mm.
The stems are 3-40 cm, whitish (sometimes tinted purplish) at base, pale green above, glabrous, branched, ascending or erect, often rooting at the decumbent base.
The leaves are numerous, medium to dark green above with paler veins, often blotched or mottled whitish or purplish, paler and slightly bluish beneath with darker veins, glabrous or nearly so, rather fleshy, broadly ovate, usually rounded-obtuse at apex, cordate at base.
The flowers are solitary at the end of each stem branch with 3 pale green sepals (rarely more), 7-13 petals bright, pale to golden yellow, shining on inside, fading to white, gradually narrowed at base. The anthers are yellow.
The subsp. chrysocephalus is a larger plant than the type species, up to 40 cm, with rather robust stems, but straggling. The leaves are up to 8-9 cm.
The petioles are up to 21 cm, without axillary bulbils, the flowers up to 60 mm in diameter.
The similar subsp. ficariiformis is found in the central and west Mediterranean region and has bulbils.
Biology: Flowering from February to March.
Habitat: Fallow fields, forest edges, in full sun.
Distribution: Eastern Mediterranean subspecies; Greece including Rhodes and some Aegean islands, Cyprus, Turkey.
Sell P. D., 1994. Ranunculus ficaria L. sensu lato, Watsonia, 20, 41-50.
Nature of Cyprus