Spialia orbifer Hübner, 1823
Common names: Orbed Red-underwing Skipper, Hungarian Skipper [En], Hespérie pont-euxine, Hespérie orientale [Fr], Oostelijk kalkgraslanddikkopje [Nl], Östlicher Würfeldickkopffalter [De], Εσπερίδα του σαγκουισόρβου [Gr], Kızıl Zıpzıp [Tu]
Mut, MERSIN ● Turkey
Description: The wingspan is 24–28 mm. It can be distinguished from Spialia sertorius by the olive green (rather than reddish-brown) underside of the hindwing.
• S.o. orbifer Hübner, 1823 – South-eastern Europe to south-western Siberia, northern Iran and Sicily
• S.o. hilaris Staudinger, 1901 – South-eastern Turkey to Lebanon, Israel/Palestine, Jordan, northern Iraq and western Iran
• S.o. carnea Reverdin, 1927 – Afghanistan.
• S.o. lugens Staudinger, 1886 – Tian-Shan, north-eastern Iran, Transcaspia, southern Siberia to the Amur region
• S.o. pseudolugens P. Gorbunov, 1995 – Altai, southern Urals
Biology: Adults are on wing from April to August in one or two generations per year. The larvae feed on Rubus idaeus, Sanguisorba officinalis, Sanguisorba minor and Potentilla gelida.
Habitat: Steppe on plains and grassy slopes in the mountains.
Distribution: From south-eastern Europe to temperate Asia up to Korea.
Wikipedia, Spiala orbifer