Euphorbia helioscopia Linnaeus, 1753
Common names: Sun Spurge, Wart spurge, Umbrella milkweed, Madwoman's Milk [En], Euphorbe réveille-matin, Petite Éclaire [Fr], Sonnwend-Wolfsmilch [De], Euforbia calenzuola [It], Lecherula, Lechetrezna girasol, Pichoga, Tornagallos [Es], Ευφορβία η ηλιοσκόπια, Γαλατσίδα [Gr], Sütleğen [Tu]
Kayalar (Οργα, Orga), Kyrenia (Girne, Κερύνεια) ● Cyprus
Description:) Annual plant growing to 10–50 cm tall, with a single, erect, hairless stem, branching toward the top.
The leaves are oval, broadest near the tip, 1.5-3 cm long, with a finely toothed margin.
The flowers are small, yellow-green, with two to five basal bracts similar to the leaves but yellower.
Biology: Flowering lasts from mid spring to late summer.
Habitat: Arable land and disturbed ground.
Distribution: Native to most of Europe, including Britain, northern Africa, and eastward through most of Asia.
Caution: The sap contains a latex which is toxic on ingestion and highly irritant externally, causing photosensitive skin reactions and severe inflammation, especially on contact with eyes or open cuts. The toxicity can remain high even in dried plant material. Prolonged and regular contact with the sap is inadvisable because of its carcinogenic nature.
Wikipedia, Euphorbia helioscopia
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