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The Valley of El Abiod river

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The Valley of El Abiod river
Common names: Aurès [Fr], Awras [Berber], Aurasium [Latin] جبال الأوراس‎[Arabic]

El Abiod Canyon, AURÈS ● Algeria

[Scan of an old slide]

Description: In this famous valley of Wadi (river) El Abiod, between the djebels Krouma and Ahmar Khaddou, the Wadi El Abiod has incised the horizontal geological strata by digging a deep canyon. A ribbon of palm trees is running on the bottom of the canyon.
The Aurès mountains in eastern Algeria is an eastern prolongation of the Atlas Mountain System that lies to the east of the Saharan Atlas in northeastern Algeria and northwestern Tunisia.
The highest peak, at 2328 m, is the Djebel Chélia in Khenchela Province.

History: Historically, the Aurès served as a refuge for the Berber tribes, forming a base of resistance against the Romans, Vandals, Byzantine, and Arabs.
It was in this region that Algerian War of Independence (1954 to 1962) was started by Berber freedom fighters of the National Liberation Front (FLN) against the French colonisation.

People: The Aurès is a large Berber language speaking region, home of the Chaoui people. The Chaoui eastern Berber population practices traditional transhumance, farming fixed stone terraces in the mountains where they grow sorghum, as well as other grains and vegetables. Seasonally they move their cattle to relatively warm areas in the lowland valleys where they pitch tents or live in other temporary structures and tend livestock through the winter.

References:
Wikipedia, Aurès Mountains



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