Lilium martagon Linnaeus, 1753
Common names: Martagon Lily, Turk's cap lily [En], Lis martagon, Lis de Catherine [Fr], Turkse lelie [Nl], Türkenbund [De], Giglio martagone [It], Azucena silvestre [Es], Κρίνος, Τουρκοπούλα [Gr], Türk zambağı [Tu]
Elatochori, PIERIA ● Greece
Etymology The name Turk's cap lily, also applied to a number of other species, comes from the characteristic reflexed shape of the petals. The specific epithet martagon is a Turkish word which also means turban or cap.
Description: It is stem-rooting, growing between 1m and 2m tall. The flower colour is typically a pink-purple, with dark spots, but is quite variable, extending from near white to near black. The flowers are scented. Numerous flowers are borne on each plant, and up to 50 can be found on vigorous plants. The green stems can be flushed with purple or red and the leaves are elliptic to inverse lanceolate, mostly in whorls, up to 16 cm long and often lightly hairy underneath.
Biology: Flowering from June to September.
Habitat: Grasslands, scrubs and pastures, up to 2800 m.
Distribution: From eastern France east through northern Asia to Mongolia and Korea.
Wikipedia, Lilium martagon