Anatololacerta oertzeni oertzeni Werner, 1904 ♂
Common names: Oertzen’s Rock Lizard [En], Τουρκική Σαύρα [Gr], Örtzen Kertenkelesi [Tu]
Rahes, Ikaria ● Greece
Description: Anatololacerta genus includes more closely related three species which are mainly endemic to Anatolia. They are small-sized lizards up to about 75 mm from snout to vent; adult males often larger than females; head and body not very strongly depressed.
They possess the following features found only in a minority of other lacertid lizards:
Often five upper labial scales in front of subocular plate, masseteric scale frequently small or absent, preanal scale relatively small and bordered by more than one row of smaller scales, broad pale dorsolateral stripes often present, hemipenial lobes relatively long with large outer sulcal lips on lobes. Other more widely distributed features include head and body not strongly depressed, seven premaxillary teeth in adults, usual number of presacral vertebrae in males 26, inscriptional ribs frequently absent, tail brightly coloured in hatchlings; hemipenial microornamentation of crown-shaped tubercles. Scaling and colour-pattern characteristics are changed according to species and subspecies.
Species and subspecies included to this genus and their distribution areas are follows:
1. Anatololacerta anatolica with 2 subspecies:
- A. a. anatolica – NW Anatolia.
- A. a. aegaea – Samos island (Greece) and the nearby continental Samsundagh mountain range (i.e. Dilek Penninsula), Turkey.
2. Anatololacerta oertzeni with 5 subspecies:
- A. o. oertzeni – Ikaria island (Greece)
- A. o. pelesgiana - Rhodos and adjacent small islands (Greece), SW Anotolia south of Menderes river, and easthward to Fethiye.
- A. o. finikensis – coastal SW Anatolia between Kaş and Finike.
- A. o. ibrahimi – coastal S Anatolia between Antalya and Gülnar, and isolated group NE and E of Adana.
- A. o. budaki – mountainous regions from Central Lykia to Eastern Menderes valley.
3. Anatololacerta danfordi with 2 subspecies:
- A. d. danfordi – Cilician Taurus.
- A. d. bileki – from Burdur in Central Anatolia via Beysehir down to coastal Silifke.
Biology : It feeds on mainly insects, rarely other small invertebrates. Males bite flank of females during copulation and a female lays 3–8 eggs.
Habitat: It inhabits rock areas and loose stone walls in forested or wooded areas not much removed from water and frequently are seen while they are climbing on rock exposures and their anthropogenic equivalents. It is associated with rocky areas in open woodland. It can also occur in degraded forest that has been grazed by cattle.
Distribution: Anatololacerta oertzeni is present in western and southern Anatolia, Turkey and on the Greek islands of Ikaria, Nisyros, Symi and Rhodes.
Anatololacerta oertzeni oertzeni is a subspecies endemic to Ikaria island.
Budak, A. & Göçmen, B. (2005). Herpetology. Ege Üniversitesi Fen Fakültesi Kitaplar Serisi, No. 194, Ege Üniversitesi Basimevi, Bornova-Izmir, 226 pp [2nd Edition, 2008].
Herpetofauna of Greece
IUCN Red List