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Euphorbia paralias Linnaeus, 1753

Euphorbia paralias-Dalyan.jpg <b><i>Chrysotoxum intermedium</b></i> Meigen, 1822 ♂||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux//2014/07/09/20140709185901-ef6584a6-th.jpg>Thumbnails<b><i>Melolontha pectoralis</b></i> Megerle, 1812 ♂||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux//2014/05/31/20140531092242-9839159b-th.jpg><b><i>Chrysotoxum intermedium</b></i> Meigen, 1822 ♂||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux//2014/07/09/20140709185901-ef6584a6-th.jpg>Thumbnails<b><i>Melolontha pectoralis</b></i> Megerle, 1812 ♂||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux//2014/05/31/20140531092242-9839159b-th.jpg><b><i>Chrysotoxum intermedium</b></i> Meigen, 1822 ♂||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux//2014/07/09/20140709185901-ef6584a6-th.jpg>Thumbnails<b><i>Melolontha pectoralis</b></i> Megerle, 1812 ♂||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux//2014/05/31/20140531092242-9839159b-th.jpg><b><i>Chrysotoxum intermedium</b></i> Meigen, 1822 ♂||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux//2014/07/09/20140709185901-ef6584a6-th.jpg>Thumbnails<b><i>Melolontha pectoralis</b></i> Megerle, 1812 ♂||<img src=./_datas/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux/i/uploads/t/6/y/t6ynvw9sux//2014/05/31/20140531092242-9839159b-th.jpg>

Euphorbia paralias Linnaeus, 1753
Common names: Sea Spurge [En], Euphorbe maritime, Euphorbe des dunes, Euphorbe des sables [Fr], Zeewolfsmelk [Nl], Strand-Wolfsmilch [De], Euforbia marittima [It], Παράλιος Φλώμος [Gr]

Dalyan, MUĞLA ● Turkey

Description: Glaucous perennial plant growing up to 70 cm tall. The crowded leaves are elliptic-ovate (ovate toward the top of the stems) and 5 to 20 mm long.
The upright densely leaved stems have stiff closely overlapping, thick ovate to elliptic acute leaves, of 3 - 30 mm. The leaves near the base are obovate-oblong, the ones near the middle are elliptic-oblong, while the top ones are ovate.
If the plant is branched, it is branched only from the base with 0 – 9 axillary branches. As in all Euphorbiaceae, the inflorescence unit is called a cyathium; cyathia are borne in terminal cymes. Each cyathium is a solitary terminal female flower surrounded by many male flowers, all enclosed by a cup-shaped involucre with ‘horns’, bordered by a whorl of leaves.
The fruit is a capsule and is deeply grooved and granulate on the keels. The 3 seeds per capsule are large (approx. 3 mm) and rounded, smooth and grey.

Biology: Flowering from May to September.

Habitat: Coastal sands, littoral dunes.

Distribution: Western and southern Europe, northern Africa, and western Asia. Widely naturalised in Australia.

References:
Flowers of Chania
Queensland Government




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