Volucella zonaria Poda, 1761 ♀
Common names: Hornet mimic hoverfly [En], Volucelle zone [Fr], Hoornaarzweefvlieg [Nl], Hornissen-Schwebfliege [De]
Mount Spil, MANİSA ● Turkey
Description: Large hoverfly of 15,5 to 20mm. Yellow head. It has vivid chestnut and gold markings make it noteworthy as a hornet mimic. It can be mistaked with Volucella inanis.
3 differences can be noticed between the two species:
V. inanis is smaller, it has the sternite 2 yellow (chestnut brown on V. zonaria) and the underside of the second tergite yellow (black on V. zonaria).
Biology : The larvae live in nests of wasps of the genus Vespula. Like all Volucella the adults are migratory. Adults fly from May to October.
Habitat: Woodland edge and suburban gardens.
Distribution: Southern Europe, Near East, North Africa. This species is in expansion in Britain, maybe due to climate change.
Stubbs, A.E. and Faulk, S.J., 2002. British Hoverflies: An illustrated identification guide. 2nd edition.
Wikipedia, Volucella zonaria
Morris R.K.A., Ball S.G., 2004. Sixty years of Volucella zonaria (Poda) (Diptera: Syrphidae) in Britain, Br. J. Ent. Nat. Hist., 17.