Orchis troodi (Renz) P.Delforge, 1990
Syn.: Orchis anatolica supsp. troodi Renz, 1929
Common names: Troodos Orchid [En], Orchis du Troodos [Fr]
Selvili Tepe, Lapithos (Lapta, Λάπηθος), Kyrenia (Girne, Κερύνεια) ● Cyprus
Description: Perennial herb, 10–50 cm tall.
The stem is erect.
The leaves are 2–5 in a rosette, lanceolate to narrowly eliptic, entire, 8–13 × 2–3 cm, often with dark purple spots.
The inflorescence is up to 20 cm long, the flowers white, pale pink to red, lip to 17 mm long, with dark purple spots.
The spur is 20–25 mm long, sharply upturned. The fruit is a capsule.
Some authorities consider that O. anatolica and O. troodi are just variants of a single species. Others consider that the latter is an endemic subspecies of the former. The third school considers that they are totally separate species. To add salt to the wound, some experts consider that O.anatolica does not even exist in Cyprus and that all the specimens in Cyprus are O. troodi.
Its true status is a matter of considerable debate amongst orchidologists. According Delforge, O. troodi is a distinct species endemic to Cyprus and that it grows there together with its relative, the very similar O.anatolica.
O. troodi may be separated from O. anatolica in different ways. The size of O. troodi is different, being a significantly more robust and holding larger flowers. The flowers of O. troodi are frequently a paler pink and can sometimes be virtually white. It differs also from O. anatolica in its upward pointing spur.
Biology: It blooms from March to April.
Habitat: forests (incl. Troodos, Akamas), together with Pinus brutia and Quercus alnifolia, usually on igneous rocks, at elevations from 300 to 1550 m.
Distribution: Endemic to Cyprus.
Delforge P., 1990. Contribution à la connaissance des orchidées du sud-ouest de Chypre et remarques sur quelques espèces méditerranéennes. Naturalistes belges 71 (Orchid.4): 103-144.
Orchids of Britain and Europe
Kovář L., 2013. Botany.cz