Agave americana Linnaeus, 1753
Common names: Centuryplant, Maguey, American aloe [En], Agave américain, Agave d'Amérique [Fr], Honderdjarige aloë [Nl], Amerikanische Agave, Hundertjährige Aloë [De], Agave amarillo, Pita [Es], Αθάνατος, Αγαύη η αμερικανική [Gr], Agav [Tu]
Dipkarpaz (Ριζοκάρπασο), İSKELE (Τρίκωμο) ● Cyprus
Description: It has a spread of about 1.8–3.0 m with gray-green leaves of 0.9–1.5 m long, each with a prickly margin and a heavy spike at the tip that can pierce to the bone. Near the end of its life, the plant sends up a tall, branched stalk, laden with yellow blossoms, that may reach a total height of up to 8–9 m tall.
Biology: Although it is called the century plant, it typically lives only 10 to 30 years. The plant dies after flowering, but produces suckers or adventitious shoots from the base, which continue its growth.
Distribution: Originally native to Mexico, and the United States in Arizona and Texas. Today it cultivated worldwide as an ornamental plant. It has become naturalized in many regions including the West Indies, parts of South America, the southern Mediterranean Basin, parts of Africa, India, China, Thailand, New Zealand, Australia.
Caution: Contact with the fresh sap can cause dermatitis in sensitive people. The plants have a very sharp and tough spine at the tip of each leaf.
Uses: The sap of agaves has long been used in Central America as a binding agent for various powders used as poultices on wounds. The sap can also be taken internally in the treatment of diarrhoea, dysentery, etc. The plant is used internally in the treatment of indigestion, flatulence, constipation, jaundice and dysentery.
Wikipedia, Agave americana
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