Linaria cannabina Linnaeus, 1758 ♂
Common names: Common linnet [En], Linotte mélodieuse [Fr], Kneu [Nl], Bluthaenfling [De], Cardillo [It], Jilguero europeo [Es], Φανέτο, Τσακροσγάρτιλο [Gr], Ketenkuşu [Tu]
Yeşilırmak (Limnitis, Λιμνίτης), GÜZELYÜRT (Morphou, Μορφου) ● Cyprus
Description: The common linnet is a slim bird with a long tail. The upper parts are brown, the throat is sullied white and the bill is grey. The summer male has a grey nape, red head-patch and red breast. Females and young birds lack the red and have white underparts, the breast streaked buff.
There are seven recognised subspecies:
• L. c. autochthona Clancey, 1946 – Scotland
• L. c. cannabina Linnaeus, 1758 – western, central and northern Europe, western and central Siberia. Non-breeding in north Africa and southwest Asia
• L. c. bella Brehm, CL, 1845 – Middle East to Mongolia and northwestern China
• L. c. mediterranea Tschusi, 1903 – Iberian Peninsula, Italy, Greece, northwest Africa and Mediterranean islands
• L. c. guentheri Wolters, 1953 – Madeira
• L. c. meadewaldoi Hartert, 1901 – western and central Canary Island (El Hierro and Gran Canaria)
• L. c. harterti Bannerman, 1913 – eastern Canary Islands (Alegranza, Lanzarote and Fuerteventura)
Biology: It feeds on the ground, and low down in bushes, its food mainly consisting of seeds, which it also feeds to its chicks. It likes small to medium-sized seeds from most arable weeds, knotgrass, dock), crucifers (including charlock, shepherd's purse), chickweeds, dandelions, thistle, sow-thistle, mayweed, common groundsel, common hawthorn and birch. They have a small component of invertebrates in their diet.
This species can form large flocks outside the breeding season, sometimes mixed with other finches, such as twite, on coasts and salt marshes.
It builds its nest in a bush, laying 4-7 eggs.
Habitat: Open land with thick bushes is favoured for breeding, including heathland and garden.
Distribution: The common linnet breeds in Europe, western Asia and north Africa. It is partially resident, but many eastern and northern birds migrate farther south in the breeding range or move to the coasts. They are sometimes found several hundred miles off-shore.
Conservation: From 1980-2009, according to the Pan-European Common Bird Monitoring Scheme, the European population decreased by 62%. The common linnet is listed by the UK Biodiversity Action Plan as a priority species. It is protected in the UK by the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981.
Wikipedia, Common linnet