Serinus serinus Linnaeus, 1766 ♀
Common names: European serin, Serin [En], Serin cini [Fr], Europese kanarie [Nl], Girlitz [De], Verzellino [It], Verdecillo, Serín verdecillo [Es], Μπασταρτοκανάρινο, Σκαρθάκι [Gr], Küçük iskete [Tu]
IUCN status: LC (Least Concern)
Sadrazamköy (Livera, Λιβερα), KYRENIA (Girne, Κερύνεια) ● Cyprus
Description: The European serin is the smallest European species of the family of finches (Fringillidae) and is closely related to the canary.
It is a small short-tailed bird, 11–12 cm in length. The upper parts are dark-streaked greyish green, with a yellow rump. The yellow breast and white belly are also heavily streaked. The male has a brighter yellow face and breast, yellow wing bars and yellow tail sides. The song of this bird is a buzzing trill, very familiar in Mediterranean countries.
Biology: The food is mainly seeds, and, in the breeding season, insects. This small serin is an active and often conspicuous bird.
It builds its nest in a shrub or tree, laying 3–5 eggs. It forms flocks outside the breeding season, sometimes mixed with other finches.
Habitat: Open woodland and cultivation, often with some conifers, is favoured for breeding.
Distribution: It breeds across southern and central Europe and north Africa. Southern and Atlantic coast populations are largely resident, but the northern breeders migrate further south in Europe for the winter.
Wikipedia, European serin