Athena noctua Scopoli, 1769
Common names: Little Owl [En], Chevêche d’Athena [Fr], Steenuil [Nl], Steinkauz [De], Civetta [It], Mochuelo común [Es], Μικρή κουκουβάγια [Gr], Kukumav [Tu]
IUCN Status: LC (Least Concern)
Skala Kalloni, LESVOS ● Greece
Description: The little owl is a small owl with a flat-topped head, a plump, compact body and a short tail. The facial disc is flattened above the eyes giving the bird a frowning expression. The plumage is greyish-brown, spotted, streaked and barred with white. The underparts are pale and streaked with darker colour. It is usually 22 centimetres in length with a wingspan of 56 centimetres for both sexes.
It has a large head, long legs, and yellow eyes, and its white “eyebrows” give it a stern expression. Juveniles are duller, and lack the adult's white crown spots.
Biology: It takes prey such as insects, earthworms, amphibians, but also small birds and mammals. It is partly diurnal and often perches prominently during the day.
This is a sedentary species which usually nests in holes in trees or rocks, laying 3-5 eggs which are incubated by the female for 28-29 days, with a further 26 days to fledging. Little Owls will also nest in buildings, both abandoned and those fitted with custom owl nest boxes. If living in an area with a large amount of human activity, Little Owls may grow used to man and will remain on their perch, often in full view, while humans are around.
Habitat: Open country such as mixed farmland and parkland.
Distribution: Much of the temperate and warmer parts of Europe, Asia east to Korea, and north Africa.
Wikipedia, Little owl