Turanana endymion endymion Freyer, 1850 ♂
Common names: Odd-spot Blue[En], Azuré d'Anatolie [Fr], Anadolu Turan Mavisi [Tu]
Güngörmez, ERZURUM ● Turkey
Taxonomy: Turanana endymion Freyer, 1850, has been separated from Turanana taygetica Rebel, 1902.
3 subspecies of T. taygatica were described:
• T. t. taygetica Rebel, 1902 – Mont Taygetos only (Greece)
• T. t. endymionoides Coutsis, 2005 – Mont Helmos (Greece), Western Anatolia (Turkey).
• T. t. micrasiatica Coutsis, 2006 – Isparta province (Turkey)
2 subspecies of T. endymion were described:
• T. e. endymion Freyer, 1850 – Eastern Anatolia (Turkey), Armenia?, Iran (Mazandaran province), Lebanon, Israel.
• T. e. ahasveros Bytinski-Salz & Brandt, 1937 – Elburz Mountains (Iran)
Description: The length of the forewings is 10–12 mm.
Male is deep violet-blue above with blackish marginal borders. The underside ground colour is light grey brown.
Below, counting from costal margin, the fourth bold black spot on forewing postmedian band is displaced toward outer margin. On hindwing the submarginal band contains an orange spot near anal angle. The basal area of hindwing has faint, shiny, whitish-blue dusting.
Both wings have double row of well-defined black-brown sub-marginal markings.
Female is similar, but dark brown above, and light brown below.
Biology: The larvae feed on Acantholimon species.
Distribution: The species is found in Eastern Turkey, Lebanon and Iran.
Baytaş A., 2007. A field guide to the butterflies of Turkey, NTV Yayınları, Istanbul.
Coutsis, 2005. Revision of the Turana endymion species-group (Lycaenidae), Nota lepidopterologica 27 (4): 251-272.
Coutsis, 2006. Nota lepidopterologica, A comparison between Turkish and Mont Helmos Turanana taygetica,29 (1/2): 18-25
Bestimmungshilfe des Lepiforums
Wikipedia, Turanana endymion