Melitaea cinxia Linnaeus, 1758
Common names: Glanville Fritillary [En], Mélitée du plantain, Déesse à ceinturons, Damier du plantain [Fr], Veldparelmoervlinder [Nl], Wegerich-Scheckenfalter [De], İparhan [Tu]
Güngörmez, ERZURUM ● Turkey
Description: The Glanville Fritillary is a medium sized orange, black and white "checkerspot" butterfly.
Etymology: The Glanville Fritillary is named after Lady Eleanor Glanville, a 17th century Lepidopterist who discovered this species in Lincolnshire. After her death, one of her sons contested her will on the grounds of lunacy, as eloquently described by Moses Harris in "The Aurelian" in 1766: "This Fly took its Name from the ingenious Lady Glanvil, whose Memory had like to have suffered for her Curiosity. Some Relations that was disappointed by her Will, attempted to let it aside by Acts of Lunacy, for they suggested that none but those who were deprived of their Senses, would go in Pursuit of Butterflies".
Biology: The animal spends most of its life as a black, spiny caterpillar. The orange patterned butterfly lives only a few weeks. This is a sun-loving butterfly, being active only in bright sunshine.
Habitat: open grassland and meadows.
Distribution: Europe (except much of Great Britain, Scandinavia, and southern Spain) and temperate Asia. A subspecies inhabits North Africa. Severe population declines are reported in many Northern European countries. It is a protected species in Belgium.
Wikipedia/Mélitée du plantain