Valeriana dioscoridis Sibth., Sm.
Syn.: Valeriana italica Lam.
Common name: Italian Valerian [En], Valeriane d’Italie [Fr], Νάρδος, βαλεριανα, ζαμπούκος, Μυριστική [Gr], Dioscorid kediotu [Tu]
Moria, LESVOS ● Greece
Description: This Valerian is close to Valeriana officinalis, but has completely different basal leaves. Perennial herb. Rhizome praemorse, giving rise to fusiform roots. Stems solitary, sturdy, erect, hollow, subsulcate, 25-75cm high. Basal leaves glabrous or puberulent, pinnate, (!-)3-9(-13)-lobed, occasionally pinnatisect; lobes ovate-orbicular, repand to crenate, sometimes serrate, terminal lobes larger than laterals; petioles long, usually equal to, or longer than the lobed part of leaf. Cauline leaves few, pinnate, with lanceolate lobes; petioles amplexicaul, usually free at base. Inflorescence soon spreading in fruit. Flowers pink, fragrant. Achene pilose between the veins, often glabrous when mature, 4-5 x 1-1?5 mm. Pappus segments 12-14. Fl. 2-5.
Habitat: It grows in rock-crevices, rocky slopes and scrub and damp grassland.
Distribution: Italy, Bulgaria, South ex-Yugoslavia, Greece (continental and Aegean islands), Turkey (West Anatolia), Lebanon, Israel, Palestine, Jordan, Cyprus.
Uses: Like its relative Valeriana officinalis, it has antifungal properties.
Virtual Herbarium of Van Lake Basin vanherbaryum
O. Tzakou, M. Couladis, M. Pavlovié and M. Sokovic (2004). Composition and antifungal activity of the oil from aerial parts and rhizomes of Valeriana dioscoridis from Greece. J. Essent. Oil Res., 16, 500-503.
Chilton L., (2006) Plant list for the Greek Island of Lesvos, Marengo Publication. Not mentioned!
D.J. Ockedon, Valeriana L In: Flora Europaea. Edits., T.G. Tutin, V.H. Heywood, N.A. Surges, D.M. Moore, D.H. Valentine, S.M. Waltersand D.A. Webb, Vol. 4, pp 52-55, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge (1972).