Asyneuma virgatum virgatum (Labill.) Bornm., 1921
Common names: Çiçeklideğnek (Ssp cichoriiforme: Özgedeğnek) [Tu]
Güngörmez, ERZURUM ● Turkey
Description: Biennial, erect 30-70 cm, usually pubescent-scabrid, rarely glabrous.
Stem with leaf rosette, leaves crowded in lower part, rarely stem leafy throughout, simply branched from middle. Rosette-leaves and lower cauline leaves oblong-lanceolate, acute to ± obtuse, 5-6 x 0.5-1 cm, slightly dentate, often undulate, narrowed into 2-4 cm petiole.
Inflorescence mostly simply branched, composed of virgate, interruptedly spicate branches. Flowers in clusters of 2-5, single at apex, subsessile. Bracts lanceolate to broadly ovate. Calyx lobes lanceolate, 2-3 x 1-1.5 mm, erect. Ovary cylindrical, ribbed, glabrous or with stiff white hairs between ribs. Corolla lobes blue-violet. Stigmas 2-3 or 3. Capsule ellipsoid, rarely ± globose, sometimes elongate and constricted at apex, 5-7 x 3-4 mm. opening by 3 ± apical pores. Seeds ellipsoid, light to reddish-brown, shiny.
2 subspecies have been described:
• A. v. virgatum - Bracts lanceolate; corolla lobes 6-7x 1-1.5 mm; stigmas 2-3; ovary glabrous, rarely papillose, often elongate and constricted at apex; seeds 1.4-1.8 mm.
• A. v. cichoriiforme - Bracts broadly ovate; corolla lobes 8-10 x 1 .5-2 mm; stigmas 3 ; ovary with ± stiff white hairs between ribs, not constricted and elongate; seeds 1 .3-1 .5 mm
Biology: Flowering from June to August.
Habitat: –– Rocky slopes, meadows, forests, steppes, 400-2800 m
Distribution: Turkey (S. & Inner Anatolia), Armenia, W. Iran, North Lebanon (?).
The Flora of Van Lake Basin
Plants of Turkey