Colchicum turcicum Janka, 1873
Common names: Tarana çiğdemi [Tu]
Kerkini, SERRES ● Greece
Description: The corm is up to 4.2 X 4.5 cm, subglobose, the tunics coriaceous, dark brown, with a long neck.
The 5-9 leaves are hysteranthous, suberect (-patent), up to 22 X 1.3 cm, with margins twisted, ciliate.
The 3-8 flowers have tepals up to 5 X 1 cm, pinkish-purple. The filaments are white, the swollen base yellow, the anthers yellow. The styles are white.
The capsules are up to 2.7 X 1.6 cm, oblong-ellipsoid, and the seeds reddish-brown.
C. turcicum, with its rather narrow and pronouncedly twisted leaves, is similar to both C. haynaldii and C. confusum, differing in the high number of leaves (up to 9), of a more oblong shape and by its broadly cartilaginous, more often short- ciliate margins. Moreover, C. turcicum differs also by the insertion of stamens deep into the flowers throat (down into the tube) and by the blackish, coriaceous tunics.
Biology: It flowering in September-October. The leaves appear from February to April.
Habitat: Wet meadows, open woodlands, at low altitudes.
Distribution: NE Greece, European Turkey, SE Bulgaria.
Wild Greece Editions
Persson K., 1999. New and revised species of Colchicum (Colchicaceae) from the Balkan Peninsula. – Pl. Syst. Evol. 217: 55-80.
Κüçüker O., 1995. Contribution to the knowledge of some endangered Colchicum species of Turkey. – Fl. Medit.5: 211-219.