Coenonympha pamphilus Linnaeus, 1758
Common names: Small Heath [En], Fadet commun, Procris, Petit Papillon des foins, Pamphile [Fr], Hooibeestje [Nl], Wiesenvögelchen, Kleiner Heufalter, Kälberauge [De], Nispola [Es], Κοινή κοινονύµφη [Gr], Küçük Zıpzıp Perisi [Tu].
Durbuy, LUXEMBOURG ● Belgium
Description: The butterfly loosely resembles a small Meadow Brown, but the brown colour of the wings appears noticeably paler in flight.
Postmedian spots are often indistinct. Females are slightly larger.
Biology: Unlike the Meadow Brown and other common members of Satyrinae, the Small Heath is a lateral basker, only ever resting with its wings closed and angled at 90° to the sun.
The larvae have lifespans of varying length, even within the same climate, thus the imagines of one generation may be seen over a long period. The butterfly usually has two, occasionally three, broods and is on the wing from mid May until early October (late June to mid August in colder climates). The insect overwinters in its larval stage.
Host plants: grasses, including Poa annua, Poa trivialis, Nardus stricta, etc.
Distribution: This is a widespread butterfly in Eurasia and northwestern Africa.
Wikipedia, Small Heath
Baytaş A., 2007. A field guide to the butterflies of Turkey, NTV Yayınları, Istanbul.